Category Archives: Technology

The Future of Education: How Technology is Changing the Classroom

In the world of education, technology has been a game-changer. The classroom of today looks vastly different from that of even a decade ago. But what does the future hold? How will technology continue to shape the way we learn?

To answer these questions, we must first consider the impact technology has already had on education. Online resources, educational apps, and interactive whiteboards are just a few examples of how technology is transforming the classroom. These tools are making learning more accessible, more engaging, and more fun.

But as with any major shift, there are concerns. One of the most pressing is the fear that technology will replace human teachers. However, this is an oversimplification of the issue. Technology is a tool – a powerful one, to be sure – but it can never replace the role of a teacher in guiding and inspiring students. The key is to strike a balance between the traditional methods of teaching and the use of technology. Teachers must embrace these new tools while still retaining their core responsibilities. In other words, technology is to be used as a complement to, not a replacement for, traditional teaching methods – this goes for A.I. too.

RARP model

Looking to the future, technology will only continue to play a greater role in education. This will mean more immersive and interactive learning experiences, greater access to education for people who were previously unable to attend school, and an overall more engaging classroom environment. However, it’s important to keep in mind that technology is not the magic solution. It’s simply a tool that must be used in a thoughtful and effective way. Think SAMR model, but better. With the right approach, technology can help us create a brighter, more dynamic future for education.

Another challenge that educators face when integrating technology into the classroom is ensuring that students are using it appropriately. With the increased use of devices like smartphones, tablets, and laptops, there is a risk of students becoming distracted or misusing technology for non-educational purposes. To mitigate this risk, educators need to provide clear guidelines and expectations around technology use in the classroom. By setting boundaries and helping students understand the importance of staying focused, teachers can help ensure that technology is being used in a productive way.

One potential area where technology is having a major impact is in personalized learning. With the help of machine learning and artificial intelligence, it is possible to create individualized learning experiences tailored to each student’s needs and learning style. To name but a few current apps/programs available:

  1. Khan Academy – ( This app provides personalized learning experiences in a variety of subjects such as math, science, and computer programming. It also offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard.
  2. Duolingo – ( This language learning app offers personalized lessons based on the user’s skill level and progress. It uses gamification techniques to make the learning process fun and engaging.
  3. Quizlet – ( This app allows users to create personalized study sets for various subjects and provides a variety of study modes to help users learn the material in a way that suits their learning style.
  4. Edmodo ( This app is designed to help teachers create personalized learning experiences for their students. It provides a platform for teachers to create assignments, quizzes, and polls, and allows students to collaborate with each other and engage in discussions.
  5. Memrise – ( This language learning app uses a variety of techniques such as spaced repetition and gamification to create personalized learning experiences for users. It also offers courses in a wide range of subjects, including languages, history, and science.
  6. Gojimo ( – Gojimo is an app that provides personalized revision and exam preparation for students. It covers a range of subjects, including math, science, English, history, and more. Gojimo offers practice quizzes, study notes, and flashcards that are tailored to the user’s skill level and learning style.
  7. Cognii Virtual Learning Assistant ( – Cognii is an AI-based virtual learning assistant that provides personalized feedback and assessment to students. It uses natural language processing and machine learning algorithms to understand the student’s responses and provide targeted feedback to help them improve.
  8. Smartly ( – Smartly is an online learning platform that provides personalized MBA-level courses for free. It offers courses in business, marketing, management, and entrepreneurship, among others. Smartly uses a personalized learning algorithm to adapt to the user’s pace and style of learning.
  9. Loop Learn ( – Loop Learn is an AI-powered app that provides personalized feedback and coaching to teachers. It uses machine learning algorithms to analyze classroom interactions and provide targeted feedback to help teachers improve their teaching methods.
  10. Focus@Will ( – Focus@Will is a personalized music app that helps users improve their focus and productivity. It offers a range of music genres that are tailored to the user’s personality and work style. Focus@Will uses neuroscience research to create music that enhances focus and concentration.

These are just a few examples of apps that can help with creating personalized learning. Adaptive instructional interfaces are powerful tools in helping students achieve their full potential. By providing a more individualized experience, we can help students stay engaged and motivated, ultimately leading to better academic outcomes.

However, there are also concerns around privacy and the ethical use of data. We need to ensure that any use of technology in personalized learning is done in a responsible and transparent way – this includes more than ever A.I. and its connection with the user. It will also likely highly need to include if and when this becomes readily used by the masses. Ultimately, the role of technology in education is about striking a balance between innovation and ethics. While technology offers exciting new possibilities for learning, it’s important not to lose sight of the fundamental importance of human connection and our engagement with it and its engagement with us. As we look to the future, it’s clear that technology will continue to play an increasingly important role in education. But it’s up to educators to approach this shift in a way that maximizes its benefits while minimizing its risks.

The future is not just about technology, but about the people, companies, countries, and military who use it. By staying focused on a core mission – helping people learn, grow, and achieve their full potential – we can try to ensure that technology is used in a way that enhances human existence. The key to understanding the future is to look at the present – and not just any present, but the present with a sense of proportion. By keeping a clear sense of proportion, and by remaining focused on some core values, we can create a future that is exciting, sustainable, and utopian.


A response to Dr. Sarah Elaine Eaton

In the digital age, where information is abundant and attention spans are short, it takes a master wordsmith to capture the essence of a thought-provoking article. Dr. Sarah Elaine Eaton’s piece on the future of academic integrity and the impact of artificial intelligence on writing and plagiarism is just such a gem and can be found here. Inspired by her insightful observations and summative ideas, I take the liberty of offering my own reflections on the positives and negatives of AI enhancement, with some vivid anecdotes to bring these points to life. The responses are prompted from AI and enhanced by myself as reflected on Point 1 below.

1. Hybrid Human-AI Writing Will Become Normal

  1. Positive attributes:
  • Hybrid human-AI writing can lead to more efficient and effective writing.
  • Collaboration between humans and AI can produce unique and innovative ideas.
  • AI can assist in tasks that are difficult or impossible for humans to accomplish alone.
  • Hybrid writing can allow for a more diverse range of voices and perspectives in writing.
  • AI can help to improve the quality of writing.

Negative attributes:

  • Dependence on AI for writing may lead to a decrease in critical thinking skills.
  • The use of AI in writing may result in a lack of originality and creativity.
  • AI may reinforce biases or stereotypes that already exist in society.
  • The use of AI in writing may lead to a loss of jobs for humans.
  • There is a risk of plagiarism or ethical concerns when using AI in writing.

2. Human Creativity is Enhanced

  1. Positive attributes:
  • AI can inspire humans and provide new ideas and perspectives.
  • Humans can learn from AI and develop new skills.
  • The use of AI can lead to more efficient and effective creative processes.
  • Collaboration between humans and AI can lead to greater innovation.
  • AI can help to identify patterns and trends that humans may not be able to see.

Negative attributes:

  • Excessive reliance on AI to boost creativity may result in a decline in analytical and evaluative reasoning abilities.
  • There is a risk that humans may become overly reliant on AI for ideas.
  • AI-generated content may lack the emotional depth and nuance of human-generated content.
  • AI-generated content may lack the cultural context and understanding that humans possess.
  • The use of AI in creativity may lead to a loss of jobs for humans. The increasing use of AI in creative fields has raised concerns about the potential displacement of human workers. As AI algorithms become more sophisticated and capable of producing creative outputs, there is a risk that they may replace human workers in various creative industries, such as graphic design, music composition, and content creation.

    This displacement could have significant social and economic consequences, particularly for those workers whose jobs are most vulnerable to automation. While some argue that AI will simply create new jobs and industries, others worry that the shift away from human labor could lead to widespread unemployment and income inequality.

    However, it is important to note that the impact of AI on employment is not predetermined, and much will depend on how individuals, businesses, and governments choose to respond to these technological changes. Efforts to reskill workers for new roles in the AI economy, along with policies that promote worker protection and social safety nets, will be critical to ensuring that the benefits of AI are shared fairly and equitably.

3. Language Barriers Disappear

  1. Positive attributes:
  • Tools that help humans to understand different languages can lead to greater cultural exchange and understanding.
  • People can communicate and collaborate more easily across language barriers.
  • Language barriers can be broken down, leading to greater diversity and inclusivity.
  • The use of AI to translate languages can help to preserve endangered languages.
  • International communication and collaboration can be facilitated by language translation tools.

Negative attributes:

  • Over-reliance on translation tools may lead to a decrease in language learning and proficiency.
  • AI translation tools may not always accurately convey the nuances and meanings of different languages.
  • The use of AI translation tools may reinforce linguistic and cultural biases.
  • There is a risk that humans may become too reliant on AI for translation, leading to a loss of jobs for translators.
  • There may be ethical concerns related to the use of AI in translation, such as the possibility of using AI for surveillance.

4. Humans can Relinquish Control, but not Responsibility

Positive attributes:

  • The ability to relinquish control to AI tools can free up time and mental resources for humans to focus on other aspects of writing, such as developing creative ideas and refining their arguments.
  • Emphasizing human responsibility in the age of AI writing can help ensure that AI tools are used ethically and responsibly.
  • AI can assist humans in tasks that are time-consuming or difficult.
  • The use of AI can lead to greater efficiency and productivity in writing.
  • Humans can choose to use AI tools as a way to enhance their writing process.
  • The use of AI can lead to more accurate and

Negative attributes:

  • The potential for humans to relinquish too much control to AI tools could lead to a loss of originality and creativity in writing.
  • Holding humans responsible for how AI tools are developed may not be feasible, as the development of AI is often controlled by large corporations or other entities with their own agendas.

    For example, in the development of autonomous weapons or facial recognition technology, the responsibility for how AI tools are developed may not be entirely held by humans. These technologies are often developed by large corporations or government entities with their own agendas and priorities, which may not align with ethical or moral considerations. In such cases, it may be difficult to hold individual humans responsible for the development of these AI tools, while having a need for greater regulation and oversight to ensure responsible and ethical development.
  • As AI technology progresses at a rapid pace, human development of safety measures is currently not be able to keep up. This is leading to a gap between the development of AI technology and the establishment of ethical and safety standards, which may put individuals and society at risk.

    For example, AI algorithms may be trained on biased data, leading to discriminatory outcomes, or they may be programmed with unintended consequences, leading to unpredictable behaviors.

    One short example of this is in the development of autonomous vehicles. While AI technology has advanced to the point where autonomous vehicles are becoming a reality, human development of safety measures may not be fast enough to ensure their safe and ethical deployment. For example, there may be questions about liability in the event of an accident involving an autonomous vehicle, or concerns about how to ensure that autonomous vehicles make ethical decisions in complex situations. These issues may require ongoing research, development, and regulation, which may not be able to keep pace with the rapid development of AI technology.
  • The rapid pace of AI technology development is driven in part by the competitive nature of companies and countries, who seek to gain a strategic advantage over their competitors by developing more advanced AI technologies. This “race to the top” is incentivizing the rapid deployment of AI technology without proper consideration for ethical or safety concerns, as companies and countries prioritize speed, efficiency, market share, and ultimately profits over safety and responsibility.

    One short example of this is in the development of military AI systems. Countries may prioritize the development of AI-enabled weapons systems to gain a strategic advantage over their competitors, without proper consideration for the ethical or safety implications of such systems. For example, autonomous weapons systems may be developed and deployed without proper testing or regulation, leading to unintended consequences or loss of life. The competitive nature of countries and their desire to “one-up” each other in the development of military technology may be outpacing the call for safety measures to be put in place, leading to potential risks and consequences for individuals and society as a whole.

5. Attribution Remains Important

Positive attributes:

  • Proper attribution can help support academic integrity by ensuring that individuals receive credit for their original work.
  • Citing and referencing sources can also help readers and researchers find and access additional information related to a particular topic.

Negative attributes:

  • In some cases, overly strict or rigid citation requirements can discourage creativity and innovation in academic writing.

    For instance, in some academic disciplines, such as the humanities, scholars may be encouraged to take creative risks and push boundaries in their research and writing.

    However, if they are required to adhere to overly strict or rigid citation requirements, they may feel constrained in their ability to express themselves and communicate their ideas effectively. This can ultimately discourage creativity and innovation in academic writing, and stifle the development of new and original ideas.
  • The emphasis on citation and referencing can also create additional work and stress for writers, particularly when dealing with complex sources or unfamiliar citation styles.

6. Historical Definitions of Plagiarism No Longer Apply

Positive attributes:

  • The transcendence of historical definitions of plagiarism in the post-plagiarism age allows for greater flexibility in defining and addressing issues of academic integrity.
  • Adapting policy definitions of plagiarism to fit the current technological landscape can help ensure that academic institutions are effectively combating plagiarism in all its forms.
  • The transcending of historical definitions of plagiarism allows for a more nuanced understanding of what constitutes academic misconduct.

Negative attributes:

  • The transcending of historical definitions of plagiarism can lead to confusion and ambiguity around what is and is not acceptable in academic writing.
  • Adapting policy definitions of plagiarism to fit the current technological landscape may be difficult for institutions that are resistant to change or lack the resources to implement new policies.
  • The transcending of historical definitions of plagiarism may make it harder to hold individuals accountable for academic misconduct, as there may be more gray areas in what is considered acceptable.

Interesting, tangential anecdotes:

In 2010, historian Doris Kearns Goodwin was accused of plagiarism in her book “The Bully Pulpit” after it was discovered that several passages closely resembled those from other sources. Goodwin acknowledged the errors and apologized, noting that she had relied too heavily on her research assistants to provide proper attribution for certain passages. The incident highlighted the importance of personal accountability and attention to detail in academic writing.


Attribution has always been important in academia and beyond. One of the most famous cases of plagiarism in modern history is that of Melania Trump’s 2016 Republican National Convention speech, which bore striking similarities to a 2008 speech by Michelle Obama. The controversy sparked intense discussion about the importance of proper attribution and the consequences of failing to do so. The incident served as a reminder that even high-profile figures must follow the rules of academic integrity and respect the intellectual property of others.


In 2016, an AI called “The Next Rembrandt” was created, which used algorithms to create a new painting in the style of the famous Dutch artist. The painting was created by analyzing and synthesizing data from Rembrandt’s existing works. While some critics argued that this was not true creativity, others saw it as a remarkable achievement in the field of AI.


The controversy that arose in 2019 over the use of an AI-generated portrait in a Christie’s auction. The portrait, titled “Portrait of Edmond de Belamy,” was created by a Paris-based collective called Obvious using a GAN (Generative Adversarial Network) algorithm. The portrait ended up selling for $432,500, which was more than 40 times its estimated value.

The sale sparked a debate about the definition of art and the role of AI in creating it. Some argued that the portrait was not truly “art” because it was created by an algorithm, while others saw it as an innovative and exciting example of how AI can be used to push the boundaries of creativity. The incident highlighted the need to reconsider traditional definitions and categories in light of rapidly evolving technological advancements.

What are your thoughts on AI, the need for a shift in plagiarism, and the ubiquitous blend of AI and human writing?


P.E.M.A. for ChatGPT

Recently, there has been an upsurge in the creation of acronyms for using AI models like ChatGPT, but their effectiveness has been questionable. After careful analysis and consideration, I believe I have arrived at an acronym that truly encapsulates the most efficient and precise approach to using ChatGPT. Examine the following:

  • P – Prompt
  • E – Evaluate
  • M – Modify
  • A – Acknowledge

Allow me to delve further into each of these elements with greater depth and detail.

P – Prompt – To prompt ChatGPT, we are reading that the more specific the prompt, considering TANO Task to achieve, the Audience, the Non-negotiables, and the Output is a way to develop very directed output that one might call for. Some excellent ways to prompt the A.I. interface can also be examined here at Wired:

ChatGPT added, “The prompt is the starting point of the inquiry that we make to ChatGPT. It is essential to be specific about the task to achieve, the intended audience, the non-negotiables, and the expected output. A well-crafted prompt allows ChatGPT to generate highly directed output that meets our needs. For instance, in education, a teacher can prompt ChatGPT with a specific question related to a particular topic or subject. For example, “Can you explain the concept of natural selection in biology to a class of tenth-grade students?”

E – Evaluate – One needs to examine the results of the query in ChatGPT looking for bias, validity, and reliability. To do so:

  1. Cross-reference: Verify the information with multiple sources to ensure its accuracy and reliability.
  2. Consider the context: Deliberate whether the conditions and frameworks of the output are relevant, applicable, and personalized.
  3. Assess the language: Examine the language used in the output to identify any potential bias or inaccuracies that may influence the message.
  4. Consult subject matter experts: Consult with experts in the field to verify the accuracy and validity of the information.
  5. Analyze the data: Analyze the data used to generate the output and consider whether it is comprehensive, credible, and truthful.
  6. Review for ethical considerations: Review the output for ethical considerations such as prejudice, partiality, favoritism, discrimination, inclusivity, and diversity.

“After generating the output, it is crucial to evaluate the results to check for any bias or issues that may affect the quality of the output. In education, it is important to ensure that the generated content is accurate, relevant, and free of any bias that may influence student learning. For instance, if a teacher prompts ChatGPT to generate a response about a particular topic, they should evaluate the results to ensure that they meet the learning objectives and are suitable for the intended audience,” was generated by ChatGPT.

M – Modify – The modification is usually two-part here:

  • First – is the need to modify the prompt, which may simply be digging deeper, breaking it apart, or re-directing.
  • Second – is to modify the response to tweak it and personalize it for the intended audience.

“Modifying the prompt is often necessary when the output generated by ChatGPT does not meet the intended objective or is not relevant to the audience. In education, modifying the prompt may involve rephrasing the question or breaking it down into smaller sub-questions to help ChatGPT generate more relevant and accurate output. Similarly, modifying the response may involve tweaking it to align it with the learning objectives or personalizing it for the intended audience. For example, a teacher may modify the response generated by ChatGPT by adding additional examples or explanations that are relevant to the students’ learning level,” was supplemented by ChatGPT.

A – Acknowledge – Finally, in any instances where ChatGPT is used, ethically, morally, and often legally we are obliged to note that A.I. has generated the text or at least the idea that is being passed on to other users.

ChatGPT contributed, “It is essential to acknowledge that ChatGPT has generated the text or idea being passed on to others, both ethically and legally. In education, acknowledging the use of AI-generated content may help students develop a better understanding of the role that AI plays in their lives and the importance of ethical and responsible use of technology. Additionally, acknowledging the use of AI-generated content may help prevent any misinterpretation or misrepresentation of the information being presented. For example, a teacher may acknowledge that the content was generated by AI and provide additional context or explanations to help students better understand the topic.”


First tech experiences…what was revelational for you?

I’m just thinking back to my short life and remembering the times that I witnessed something in life about technology that changed my understanding of life. One might say, “Mind Blown!” So, here are a few that had me say out loud, “Wow” – or not at the time fully understand the ramifications of what it meant.

I remember we were on a trip down to Florida to go to Disneyworld sometime in the mid-80s. I want to say I was 7 at the time, but if my mom is reading this, she can correct me and I will edit. Anyway, my mind was blown the first time I encountered a tap with water that worked with a sensor, on its own, rather than by turning or moving a tap. We were driving and at a rest stop. I tried it and WOW! I needed to bring all of the family in to see and try it themselves. It was the first time I remember automation with sensors affecting me in a magical way.

I was in a computer store in 1989, buying something with my dad and I remember seeing the the graphics of the Commodore Amiga. On the computer, there was a demo game of Battle Chess. Let’s just say I was in awe of the amazing details and movement of the pieces that killed one another in each move.

I was in university at OCAD (1996/97ish) and was typing on my computer. I think I was using Microsoft word and it must have updated or I had never made a mistake before – probably the former. Either way, I witnessed auto-correct. I did not know about it and I actually thought there was some sort of ghost in my machine. No joke! I was telling my friend David Larraguibel about it and he explained to me what it was. Although revelational, my excitement was brought down a bit as I realized that others were encountering this planned feature. Now, I watch students using their iPads and I wonder what their writing would look like without this function. ITs woold probbabbley bee preddy badd.

I was at the home I lived in at Whitby Ontario probably around 2000? Anyway, I was sending a friend off in her ride. She was getting into the back of the car. Maybe it was a taxi – maybe not. Doesn’t matter. Either way, she said to me, as she was closing the door, “Have you heard about this new search engine, Google? It is amazing and it is going to change everything.” I think I went upstairs to my computer right away and tried it. Let’s just say, “Unbelievable!” No ads, and it seemed to be returning the results I needed right away. Good-bye AltaVista and Ask Jeeves. Hello Google!

It was January 8th, 2023. I had just read about ChatGPT. I got on the computer – tried it – Mind Blown! I couldn’t wait to show everyone at school the next day the capabilities of this beast as I would be hosting a professional development day for staff. Little did I know that the head of school would beat-me-to-the-punch. He announced it in his address to staff about 3 hours before I could fully demonstrate its power and usability. Let’s just say that I have been showing others in small groups or one-on-one since, try, testing, and pushing it now, reading all about it, and thinking about it constantly. I truly believe that A.I. is and will be the biggest thing since sliced bread – possibly even a whole lot bigger. Watch this space!

Write some of the things that you witnessed for the first time and how they were mind-blowing experiences for you.

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